03 September 2006

我学中医-气学说 (一)

中国哲学

气是中国古代哲学范畴系统中一个最重要的也最基本的范畴。“太极一气产阴阳,阴阳化合生五行,五行既萌,遂含万物”(《河洛原理》)。意思是说,从一气而产生阴阳,再由阴阳生化出五行,五行就包括了万物。

气 --> 阴阳 --> 五行

五行即金,木,水,火与土。地球上的万物都离不开这五样本质。每样本质又可分为阴阳,例如流动的水被称为阳,凝静的水为阴。气是中国古代对世界本原的粗浅认识,从云气、水气到量子、场,无不涵盖其中,可谓“至大无外”,“至小无内”。

古人认为气 – 在天为气,在地成形。形气相感而化生万物。想必大家对盘古开天辟地的传说都不会感到陌生吧?

“相传天地未开的时候,是一片原始混沌。盘古不满这种混沌的局面,于是开天辟地,将清气上升为天,浊气下降为地。天日高一丈,地日厚一丈,于一万八千年以后,天极高,地极厚。然而,盘古却耗尽了生命,而倒下了。他最后的呼吸化为风云,声音化为雷霆,左眼变成太阳,右眼变成月亮。他的肢体化为山丘,血液流成江河;经脉为地理,肌肉为田土;发鬓为星辰,皮毛为草木;齿骨为金石,精髓为珠玉;汗流为雨露,身上的小虫因风所感化为黎民百姓。。。。” (摘自《黄帝内经大型纪录片》)

这是古人如何解释天地的由来。这里阐诉了天地万物是如何从气变为天地(阴阳),再化成万物(五行)。我大胆的假设当年古人因为"气 --> 阴阳 --> 五行" 的哲学过于深奥,又加上当时人们很低的知识水平,所以篇了这一个传说便于讲解。

下一则,我将注重在“气”与中医学的关系。敬请留意。

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Summary
Chinese Medical - Qi(气) – The Chinese Philosophy

Qi is playing a main role in Chinese Philosophy. Qi derive into YinYang and further divided into WuXing (The basic 5 element in the world, Metal-金, Wood-木, Water-水, Fire-火, and Earth-土). This explained the origin of the world and any material in the world. Qi is a macro view to the object and it is represented the nutron and electron in the modern science.

According to the legend, PanGu has created the world. He was living in a dusty world. One day, he made the clear Qi going up to become sky and pushed the dust down to become earth. When he died, his body has turned into mountains, rivers, storm, wind, cloud, land, human...

I would like to make an assumption that this legend was created in order to ease the ancient people to understood the theory of Qi --> YinYang(Sky and Earth) --> WuXing (Anything in our world).

I will emphasize on the influence of Qi in Chinese Medical in my next post.

link:
我学中医-预告
我学中医-中医史(一)
我学中医-中医史(二)

3 comments:

芳羽 said...

呵呵,博学多才的人,令我佩服不已。期待着你的下一则blog...

双喜妈妈@随手拈来 said...

Frankie, 你被tag了。

凡奇 Frankie said...

芳羽,
博学多才就不敢当了,我只是发挥水瓶座的性格-贪新鲜。你能看懂我写的吗?请多多给意见,我会改正的。还有,怎么我无法在google reader 里订阅你的部落?

双喜妈妈@随手拈来,
谢谢点名,我其实已经写好了,只是没时间加上英文及post上来。

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