10 September 2006

我学中医-气学说 (二)

上一则有提到气是中国古代的一种哲学理论。所谓气,是指一切无形,不断运动的物质。气更被认为是构成世界一切的最基本元素。“万物之生,皆禀元气”《论衡。言毒》强调天地万物,都由气生化的。

中国医学

所以“人”也不例外,皆由气所生化。《素问。六节藏象论》说:“天食人以五气,地食人以五味,五气入鼻,藏于心肺,上使五色修明,音声能彰;五味入口,藏于肠胃;味有所藏,以养五气,气和而生,津液相成,神乃自在。”这里说明了气是人的生命推动力,促成精神。这也表明了,精,气, 神是息息相关的。

人体之气的运动有四种形式,“升降出入”。气的升降出入如平衡,人就健康。例子,

升多降少 – 气逆 –〉导致咳嗽,气喘,呕吐,嗳气等等。
升少降多 – 气陷 –〉导致脱肛,内脏下垂等等。

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Summary
I have pointed out the importance of Qi in Chinese Philosophy. I will extend the study of Qi in Chinese Medical today.

As we know, Qi has been claimed as the basic element of the universal, so do human. Human gets Qi from the environment and this maintain the life.

There are 4 types of Qi activities in human body.
升(Sheng1) – Raise
降(Jiang4) – Fall
出 (Chu4) – Out
入 (Ru4) – In
A healthy man has these 4 activities in balance. Below are examples of some diseases cause by imbalance Qi activities.

1) Raise more Fall less
- Cough, vomit, etc
2) Raise less Fall more
- Diarrhea, etc

link:
我学中医-预告
我学中医-中医史(一)
我学中医-中医史(二)
我学中医-气学说 (一)

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